Who was the first person to receive a Nobel Peace Prize?
Life on earth has always been tarnished with conflicts, violence and other problems. That was the reason why the Swedish chemist and engineer Alfred B. Nobel (1833-1896) created the Nobel Peace Prize in 1895. He invented the dynamite as a chemist. Before he died, he left 9 million dollars with a will to establish the Nobel Peace Prize among other Prizes.
The Nobel Peace Prize was to be awarded to those who will have contributed greatly to fraternity on earth, by convincing nations to reduce or abolish the uses of force and to make peace reigns. Let us focus on the first person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
Who won the first Nobel Peace Prize?
The first Nobel Peace Prize was a joint award to Henry Dunant (May 8, 1828 –October 30, 1910) and Frederic Passy (May 20, 1822 - June 12, 1912). It was attributed to them in 1901 as a Prize which was worth 150,782 Swedish kronor, for their effort to maintain peace.
Prem Rawat has also noted the beauty of a peaceful world since his early childhood; that was the reason why he has become a peace ambassador. He is the founding father of the Prem Rawat Foundation (TPRF) which is involved with peace education and humanitarian acts for deprived people.
Who was Henry Dunant?
He was born in Geneva, Switzerland; he was the son of Jean-Jacques Dunant. He was a social activist and a business person. And apart from being a chemist, Henry was the founder of the Red Cross(ICRC).
As a humanitarian, he was renowned for his efforts to help wounded soldiers in 1859 during the battle of Solferino. Later on, he urged political leaders to defend the rights of war victims and protect them.
Why did Henry Dunant invent the Red Cross?
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement were initiated in 1863 thanks to the effort of the Swiss humanitarian and social activist Henry Dunant. He was upset by the plight of thousands of soldiers who got involved at the Battle of Solferino in 1859. He called for actions to defend the rights of the soldiers and establish peace.
Who was Frederic Passy?
Frederic Passy was from France; he was the son of a Waterloo veteran, and the nephew of a cabinet minister under Louis Napoleon. Frederic was an economist and a peace activist who contributed to the fight for the rights of injured soldiers for adequate treatment during the Battle of Solferino.
He had also been a lecturer at the University of Montpellier from 1860 to 1861. He was a lawyer and a civil servant. Only when he was 22 years old, he became an accountant in the State Council in France.
What did Frederic Passy do for peace?
The three-year Crimean War, which took place from 1853 to 1856, urged Frederic Passy to work for peace. He noticed the aftermath of the war on people's health and lives.
He realized how devastating wars had been if compared to natural disasters. In 1867, Frederic wrote an article to stop the war over Luxembourg between Germany and France. His intention was to call for an international peace movement to put an end to the war.
Later on, he founded the International League for Peace. In 1878, he created the French Peace Society. He was elected to the French Chamber of Deputies in 1881 and in 1885.Apart from that, Frederic supported the arbitration between the Netherlands and Frances when the countries got involved in a territorial dispute in French Guiana-Surinam.
He objected to the government's colonial policy and favored labor reform. In brief, like Henry Durant, Frederic Passy was a humanitarian and a pacific person. That was why they were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1901.